FACT SHEET ON SOLOMON ISLANDS
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GOVERNOR GENERAL H.E. SIR FRANK OFAGIORO KABUI(SINCE JULY, 2009)
Prime Minister Hon. Gordon Darcy Lilo
Foreign Minister Hon. Clay Forau Soalaoi
Ruling Party/Parties

Grand Coalition for Change comprising People’s Alliance Party, Association of Ind. Members, United Party, National Front for Progress

Population 5,35,000 [2010]
Geographical location

About 1800 km North-East of Australia in the South-Western Pacific Ocean between 5 and 15 south latitude and 155 c and 170 east longitude. Solomon Islands consists of about 300 islands.

Total land area 27,556 sq kms
Caitalp Port Moresby
Administrative divisions

9 provinces and 1 capital territory*; Central Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell and Bellona, Temotu, Western

Climate

Tropical with average day temperature 29 degrees centigrade with high humidity ranging from 60 to 90 per cent

Language(s)

English (official) and Pidgin. About 80 tribal dialects and languages are spoken in Solomon Islands

Ethnic Group(s)

Melanesian (93%), Polynesian (4%), Micronesian (1.5%), European (0.8%), Chinese (0.3%), other (0.4%)

Religion(s)

96% Christian. In rural areas, many people follow traditional religions. There are also some Hindus, Muslims and Baha’is

GDP at current prices (2009 est) $650 million
Real GDP growth (2010) 2.8% (2010 est)
Per Capita Income $910
Consumer price inflation (2008) 15.1%
Major trading partners Australia,China, Singapore, South Korea Japan, New Zealand
Total exports (2008) $200.7 million
Total imports (2008) $295 million
Bilateral Trade (2010-11) $1.15 million
Major export products Cocoa, copra, fish & fish products, palm oil, timber
Major import products

Foodstuffs, consumer goods, machinery& transport equipment, mineral fuels, basic manufactures

Foreign Exchange Reserves (2008) US$100.5 million
Currency Solomon Islands Dollars
Rate of Exchange 1US$=S$ 7.66 approx.
Literacy 64%
Birth Rate 37.3 per 1000
Life expectancy 71.1 years
Unemployment Below 20% of the people are employed fulltime; rest partially employed
Indian passport holders 20 (approx)
National Day 7 July (Independence Day)
Week Holidays Saturday and Sunday
Time difference with India 5-1/2 hours ahead of IST
Per capita $1800

July 1, 2013

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